Word Power: Vietnam's Fight Against Covid-19
Chúng ta cùng học từ vựng tiếng Anh liên quan đến dịch Covid-19 (coronavirus vocabulary) qua bài viết về công cuộc chống đợt dịch vừa bùng phát ở nước ta nhé.
A mother in Hanoi, Vietnam checks her daughter’s temperature on the way to school amid the Covid-19 outbreak on January 31, 2020. Photo: Ngoc Thanh/VnExpress
Vietnam rushes to contain outbreak of more contagious Covid variant
Virus is spreading in northern provinces after almost two months without any infections
By John Reed in Bangkok, The Financial Times on January 29, 2021
Vietnam is preparing for as many as 30,000 new Covid-19 cases as the more infectious variant of the virus (1) first detected in the UK spreads through the north of the country.
The country’s health ministry reported nine new coronavirus cases on Friday in four northern provinces and the capital Hanoi, bringing the total number of local transmissions (2) reported this week to 91.
The outbreak has jolted Vietnam (3), which had reported no local infections in almost two months. The country’s efforts to contain Covid-19 have been hailed as a global success (4).
It also coincided with (5) a high-profile congress (6) of the ruling Communist party, just ahead of the Tet lunar new year holiday, when many Vietnamese travel home to see their families.
The outbreak, first reported in the northern provinces of Quang Ninh and Hai Duong, is the largest in Vietnam since the country reported its first cases of the disease in January 2020.
Vu Duc Dam, deputy prime minister and head of the Covid-19 task force, said authorities should prepare for 30,000 cases, state TV channel VTV reported.
After word of the infections emerged on Thursday, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc called a meeting on the sidelines of the party congress and issued a directive calling for lockdowns in two areas (7) where the first new cases were detected.
Nguyen Thanh Long, health minister, said the number of Covid-19 patients was expected to rise and that the ministry had ordered three field hospitals (8) to be set up in Hai Duong.
Vietnam closed its borders to most international travellers in March. It is unclear how the new B.1.1.7 variant of the virus, which is more contagious (9) than the original strain, reached the country.
A woman who travelled from Hai Duong to Japan for work this month tested positive for the variant on arrival in the country, Vietnamese state media reported this week. Authorities sealed off (10) Chi Linh, her home city, and began conducting mass testing and contact tracing in the areas where she lived and worked.
Vietnam’s ability to contain its first wave of infections, thanks to vigorous contact tracing (11), strict quarantine requirements and border controls, has allowed most aspects of normal life to resume.
The country last year attracted new investments from LG Electronics, the South Korean technology company, and Taiwanese manufacturer Pegatron as well as other companies seeking to diversify their supply chains amid growing US-China trade tensions. Vietnam’s economy grew by just over 2 per cent in 2020.
Australia’s Lowy Institute, a think-tank (12), this week ranked Vietnam second in the world, just behind New Zealand, in terms of its success at managing the pandemic.
(1) variant (of/on sth) /ˈveriənt; ˈværiənt/ (n): a thing that is a slightly different form or type of something else
E.g. A new variant of the coronavirus emerged Thursday in the United States, posing yet another public health challenge in a country already losing more than 3,000 people to COVID-19 every day. (AP News)
(2) Local transmission /ˈləʊkl trænzˈmɪʃn/ indicates locations where the source of infection is within the reporting location. (WHO)
E.g. Australia’s three most populous states on Saturday recorded at least a week with no local transmissions of the new coronavirus, boding well for the country’s recovery from the pandemic after a flare-up marred an impressive early response. (Reuters)
(3) jolt /dʒəʊlt/ (v): [T] to give somebody a sudden shock, especially so that they start to take action or deal with a situation
E.g. The COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic and the associated health measures taken to contain its spread have jolted the global economy, forcing many businesses to close and retrench employees. (World Bank Blogs)
(4) hail /heɪl/ (v): [transitive, usually passive] to describe somebody/something as being very good or special, especially in newspapers, etc.
E.g. Australia has so far been hailed as a global success story in suppressing the spread of the virus due to quick shutdown measures. The country has reported just over 7,400 cases and 104 deaths, far fewer than many nations. (BBC News)
(5) coincide (with sth) /ˌkəʊɪnˈsaɪd/ (v): [I] (of two or more events) to take place at the same time
E.g. Portugal is reeling from the twin effects of a Christmas relaxation of restrictions on gatherings that coincided with the appearance of a fast-spreading new variant first identified in England. (AP News)
(6) high-profile /ˌhaɪ ˈprəʊfaɪl/ (adj): [usually before noun] receiving or involving a lot of attention and discussion in the media
E.g. Following a high-profile case in 2012 when a 23-year-old student was raped and murdered on a New Delhi bus, legal reforms and more severe penalties were introduced. (CNN)
(7) lockdown /ˈlɑːkdaʊn/ (n): [C, U] an official order to control the movement of people or vehicles because of a dangerous situation
E.g. Prime Minister Boris Johnson put England on notice that the national virus lockdown will continue for at least another six weeks, with schools staying closed and new border quarantine rules coming into force. (Bloomberg)
(8) field hospital /ˈfiːld hɑːspɪtl/ (n): a temporary hospital near a battlefield
E.g. Ontario’s first field hospital built during the pandemic is taking patients this week as COVID-19 infections strain the health care system. The Burlington, Ont., facility, built on the grounds of Joseph Brant Hospital, was ready to treat patients as of Monday. (CBC News)
(9) contagious /kənˈteɪdʒəs/ (adj): a contagious disease spreads by close contact between people
E.g. UK health workers are preparing to reactivate seven emergency Covid-19 field hospitals, as a surge of coronavirus cases fueled by the spread of a new, more contagious variant threatens to overwhelm intensive care units. (CNN)
(10) seal sth <> off /siːl ɔːf/ (phr v): (of the police, army) to prevent people from entering a particular area
E.g. A year ago on 23 January 2020 the world saw its first coronavirus lockdown come into force in Wuhan, the Chinese city where the pandemic is believed to have started.
At the time, the wider world was shocked by the harsh restrictions and rigid enforcement. From late January until June, the city was effectively sealed off from the rest of the country.
But even though it came at a significant cost, it proved to be a highly successful method of tackling the virus. (BBC News)
(11) vigorous /ˈvɪɡərəs/ (adj): very active, determined or full of energy
E.g. He suggests New Zealand should look to countries like South Korea, which use personal digital information to undertake vigorous contact tracing, and generally err on the side of public interest over privacy. (Stuff.co.nz)
(12) think tank /ˈθɪŋk tæŋk/ (n): a group of experts who provide advice and ideas on political, social or economic issues
E.g. On Thursday, Australia was ranked eighth in a list of nations which had responded best to the virus. New Zealand and Vietnam topped the list from the Lowy Institute think tank. (BBC News)
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