Tiếng Anh 10 | Unit 3: People’s Background (Hệ 7 Năm)
Trong Unit 3: People’s Background này, các em sẽ tìm hiểu về cuộc đời và sự nghiệp nhà khoa học người Ba Lan/Pháp, Marie Curie, cũng như tìm hiểu thì Quá khứ hoàn thành (Past Perfect) nhé.
Marie Curie and her husband, Pierre Curie in the lab. Photo: www.mariecurie.org.uk
Marie Curie was born in Warsaw on November 7th, 1867. She received general education in local schools and some scientific training from her father.
As a brilliant and mature student, Marie harboured the dream of a scientific career, which was impossible for a woman at that time. To save money for a study tour abroad, she had to work as a private tutor, and her studies were interrupted.
Finally in 1891, Marie, with very little money to live on, went to Paris to realise her dream at the Sorbonne. In spite of her difficult living conditions, she worked extremely hard. She earned a degree in Physics with flying colours, and went on to take another degree in Mathematics. She met Pierre Curie in the School of Physics in 1894 and a year later they got married. From then on, they worked together on their research. In 1903, Marie became the first woman to receive a PhD from the Sorbonne.
After the tragic death of Pierre Curie in 1906, she took up the position which her husband had obtained at the Sorbonne. Thus, she was the first woman in France to be a university professor. Soon after, she was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the atomic weight of radium. But her real joy was “easing human suffering”. The founding of the Radium Institute in 1914 made her humanitarian wish come true.
Đọc định nghĩa hay chú thích bằng tiếng Anh trước, tham khảo tiếng Việt. Phát âm đúng trọng âm được gạch chân.
Warsaw: the capital city of Poland (thủ đô Vacsava của Ba Lan)
general education: usual schooling for ordinary students (giáo dục phổ thông)
special education: for the gifted or the disabled (giáo dục đặc biệt)
higher education: after high school, at college or university level (giáo dục cao đẳng đại học)
scientific training: for future scientists or specialists (đào tạo khoa học)
scientific career: lifelong profession as a scientist or a researcher (sự nghiệp khoa học)
mature and brilliant (adj): having sensible behavior as an adult and being excellent as well as successful (chín chắn trưởng thành và thành công xuất sắc)
harbor a dream (v): have hopes and wishes in your mind for ages (ấp ủ một ước mơ)
realize a dream (v): do something to make a dream come true (hiện thực hóa ước mơ)
a dream comes true: it’s a dream come true, it has become reality, no more a dream (giấc mơ đã thành sự thật)
a study tour abroad (n): a course of studies in a foreign country (chuyến du học)
work as a private tutor (v): give private lessons to someone (đi dạy kèm)
Sorbonne: a prestigious university in Paris, France (đại học Sorbonne danh tiếng ở Paris)
earn / get a degree: successfully complete a course of study at university (đạt được bằng cử nhân)
take another degree (v): go on and get one more degree (tiếp tục học thêm văn bằng cử nhân thứ hai)
receive / get a PhD: Doctor of Philosophy degree, Doctorate degree (nhận bằng tiến sĩ)
tragedy >< comedy: bi kịch >< hài kịch
obtain / get a position (v): có được, đạt được, nhận lấy một chức vụ
take up / take over a position (v): bắt đầu tiếp nhận / tiếp quản một chức vụ
thus (formal), hence, therefore, so: vì thế, hệ quả là
award sb a Nobel Prize (v): trao tặng giải Nobel
determine / work out a quantity (v): xác định, tính toán luận ra một số lượng nào đó
atomic weight (n): khối lượng nguyên tử
ease / relieve human sufferings: làm nhẹ hay vơi đi nỗi khổ
found an institute (v): set up or establish a specialized academy (thành lập học viện)
a humanitarian wish / dream (n): wishing for a happier better life for humans (ước mơ nhân sinh nhân đạo)
strong-willed (adj): determined to do or achieve something (quyết đoán, ý chí mạnh mẽ)
ambitious (adj): determined to be successful, rich, powerful (có tham vọng hoài bão cao xa)
humane (adj): treating people or animals in a way that is not cruel and causing as little suffering as possible (có lòng nhân đạo, dung thứ)
*Comment and supporting evidence:
Tập nhận xét có dẫn chứng. Nhận xét đánh giá bên A phải hợp với chứng cứ bên B
Match a comment in A with supporting evidence in B
I think Marie Curie was really strong-willed, because after the tragic death of Pierre Curie, she didn’t give up, but she kept on trying and took up his position at the Sorbonne, becoming the first woman in France to be a university professor.
Her real joy was easing human suffering.
She was a brilliant and mature student.
She harbored a dream of a scientific career, which was impossible for a woman at that time.
In spite of her difficult living conditions, she worked extremely hard and earned a degree with flying colors. Then she went on to take another degree.
After the tragic death of her husband, she wouldn’t give up but took up his position and became the first woman university professor in France.
B. SPEAKING: INTERVIEW AND PRESENTATION
> Tập hỏi đáp phỏng vấn linh hoạt về lai lịch bản thân
> Tập thuyết trình báo cáo tóm tắt sau phỏng vấn
A BIODATA INTERVIEW
DIFFERENT WAYS OF MAKING A QUESTION
Student A. Hi. Can I ask you some questions?
Student B. Sure. What about?
Student A. I just want to check information in your personal profile.
Student B. No problem. Please go ahead.
*Date / Place of birth:
What’s your date and place of birth? When and where were you born?
What’s your present address? You live in Hanoi, don’t you?
Do you live with your parents? Tell me about your brothers and sisters.
What do they do?
What’s your favorite subject at school?
What subjects are you good at?
What subjects do you major in?
Where did you go to primary school? Did you have a high school diploma?
What would you like to major in at college / university?
What did you major in at college / university?
Do you work full time now? Do you have a part-time job?
Have you ever worked in sales? Do you have any experience in telesales?
C. WRITING ABOUT PEOPLE’S BACKGROUND / BIODATA:
This is Tam’s personal profile.
Tam lives at (55 Ly Thuong Kiet Street, Tan Binh District, Ho Chi Minh City).
He was born in (1995 in Hanoi), and / but he grew up in Danang).
He went to a local high school from 2009 to 2012 and majored in (Physics, Chemistry and Math.)
He passed the graduation examinations in (English, Science and Math).
He graduated from the National University of Sciences and earned a degree in (genetic engineering).
He first worked as a (horticulture technician for Da Lat Hasfarm in Lam Dong Province).
Then he worked for (Vinfarm as a Botanical engineer) between 2017 and 2019.
Tam likes (gardening). He takes great interest in (landscaping).
His interests also include (classical music and painting).
D. LANGUAGE FOCUS:
1. PRONUNCIATION: SAY IT NATURALLY WITH /e/ and /æ/
Both /e/ and /æ/ are short, /e/ as in ‘men’ and /æ/ as in ‘man’.
Learn the minimum pairs as follows: ten-tan, bed-bad, send-sand, met-mat, pen-pan, lend-land, pen-pan, then-than.
When the word ends in -e, then the central e and a sound like their names in the Alphabets.
/i/ scene, compete, gene, serene, intervene, complete,…
/ei/ hate, debate, rate, fate, race, face, date, ace, trace,…
2. THE PAST PERFECT:
I arrived home at 10.30. All the other members went to bed at 10.00.
>> When / After / Before / By the time
When I arrived home, all the other members had gone to bed.
Before I arrived home, all the other members had gone to bed.
By the time I arrived home, all the other members had gone to bed.
I arrived home after all the other members had gone to bed.
I didn’t watch the movie last night. I watched it last weekend.
>> because / so / That’s why
I didn’t watch the movie last night because I had watched it last weekend.
I had watched the movie last weekend, so I didn’t watch it last night.
I had watched the movie last weekend. That’s why I didn’t watch it last night.