Grade 10 | Unit 1: A Day in Your Life (Hệ 7 năm)
Trọng tâm gồm những phần sau: Topic-specific Vocabulary, Use of Present Simple & Present Progressive, Talking about Daily Life, Discussing Family Life, Expanding ideas, Tips on Learning Word Definitions and Collocations in English.
1. WHAT IS YOUR TYPICAL DAY LIKE?
Do you get up early? What’s the first thing you do?
Spare a moment of meditation or thanksgiving (dành giây lát thiền định hay tạ ơn)? Plan the day, deciding what to do and who to meet? Time to work out or exercise? Have a wash or a lukewarm shower? Browse through the news pages (rảo qua các trang báo mạng). / Take a sip of morning tea or coffee (nhấm nháp trà hay cà phê sáng). / Have time for breakfast? Get packed for school / work (chuẩn bị hành trang đi học)? The morning tasks? How do you spend lunch time? The afternoon work? After school/class? How do you spend the evening? What about a typical weekend?
2. TELL ME ABOUT YOUR TYPICAL DAY.
Hãy nói về tập quán hàng ngày của bạn với những từ ngữ dưới đây. Dùng hiện tại đơn, khẳng định hay phủ định.
THIS IS A TYPICAL DAY IN MY LIFE.
I live a simple lifestyle of ‘Early to bed and Early to rise.’
I hardly ever change the morning routine, getting ready for the day ahead.
I usually read a morning newspaper over a cup of tea.
Sometimes I watch the morning news on telly with a cup of coffee.
It normally takes me an hour to get ready for the day’s work.
I am used to taking my time preparing for the day at work / at school.
3. DO YOU …? WHEN DO YOU USUALLY …?
Hỏi đáp cùng bạn về nếp sống mỗi ngày, sử dụng cách diễn đạt thông dụng sau đây.
Leave home for work at 6.30 / Get to work at 6.45
Start work at 7.15 / Take a break / Have a short rest at 9.30
Go back to work again / Have a 30-minute lunch break
Resume the afternoon work / Finish work for the day at 5.00
Do homework with my Math tutor / Have an extra English class
Do some odd jobs around the house / Help with some household chores
Get around 30 minutes to relax / Browse my Facebook pages
Check out several YouTube videos / Answer several email or text messages
Stay out late / Stay up late / Sleep late the next morning
4. SOMETIMES I CHANGE A BIT OF MY DAILY ROUTINE.
Thảo luận cùng bạn học xem có nên hay không giữ lối sống như sau.
Usually get up early / Sometimes sleep late
Start the day by taking a leisurely walk
Begin my day with a few minutes of meditation
A good way to set the tone for the day
A healthy way to get the day started
Take a brisk walk or go jogging to keep fit
Stay healthy first. Keep fit later
Plan your work well in advance
Be sure to avoid getting stressed
Never get too excited about anything
Take time to get things done
Never push yourself too hard
Avoid doing things hurriedly
Never try to get things done in a hurry
5. YOUR SCHOOL SCHEDULE.
What classes do you have on Monday?
→ I have Math, Biology and Literature.
When do you have P.E (Physical Education)?
→ I have P.E. twice a week, on Tuesday and Friday.
6. YOUR ROUTINE TIMES:
WHEN DO YOU DO THINGS? HOW OFTEN? DO YOU EVER …?
> Every morning I get up at …, early enough to get ready for the day’s work.
> First of all I usually … It’s a good way to start the day.
> Then I have a big breakfast at around …Breakfast should be the biggest of all.
> After breakfast, …
> By lunch time, I have finished …
> For lunch I normally … Then we have a short break for about … minutes.
> After lunch … try to finish work by 4.30 … get home around … First thing: a shower
> A small dinner / a light meal … After dinner … Time for relaxation & entertainment
> Sometimes I go out with … for a coffee. But usually / get home before 10.00.
> Time for news update & socialisation on Facebook
7. CHORES I LIKE. WHAT YOU LIKE OR DISLIKE DOING? WHY?
WHAT HOUSEHOLD CHORES DO YOU DO EVERY DAY?
WHICH OF THE CHORES DO YOU LIKE DOING THE MOST?
WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT IT?
WHICH OF THE CHORES DO YOU DISLIKE THE MOST? WHY?
I try to share the housework. I help keep the house clean and tidy.
I feel like finding things fresh and clean at home.
I also help with the gardening like watering plants and trimming branches.
I love greenery and so our place should be clean and fresh all the time.
But the chore I like doing the most is the laundry.
It feels like recycling old clothes into new ones. The washing machine does it all. I just load and unload the washing compartment. Then your clothes keep looking new and fresh and smelling fragrant. One thing I never enjoy doing is taking out the household trash. I can’t stand the sight of garbage and the STINKING smell of rotten leftover odds and ends.
1. Present Simple: Daily Routines vs. Present Continuous: At-the-moment Jobs
Present simple: Hiện tại đơn
Ổn định, thường xuyên
E.g. What do you normally do?
Present continuous: Hiện tại tiếp diễn
Tạm thời và sẽ thay đổi
E.g. But what are you doing now?
Every day he takes the train to work
As a rule, … , but today he is driving his car.
, but at the moment
, but now
. However, at present
Every day, Ms. Hang does most of the housework, but today is Mother’s Day. She isn’t doing any housework. Her husband and the children are doing it for her. Tomorrow she will do most of the chores as usual.
Normally I take the train to school, but now I am riding my scooter. I always feel safe on the train, but at the moment I am getting a bit nervous about my safety.
3. Grammar in Use:
Các em hãy tập nói câu ghép ứng dụng: “Thông thường + HT đơn, nhưng lúc này đây + HT tiếp diễn”. Ngoài ra luôn để ý yếu tố thời gian ‘thông thường’ hay ‘tiếp diễn’ để lựa chọn diễn đạt phù hợp. Sau đây là các yếu tố thời gian ‘thông thường’ cho thì HT đơn giản:
When I have time, …
Whenever I feel depressed, …
Every now and then …
Once or twice a week …
After dinner I usually …
Sometimes I …
I hardly ever …
Occasionally we …
On the weekend / normally
More often than not / Every so often …
E.g. More often than not we go out for breakfast, but today we are eating at home.
E.g. I hardly ever go to the beach, but today I am spending time with friends by the sea.