English 10 | Unit 2: School Talks (Hệ 7 Năm)
Having Small Talk / Chuyện Phiếm Xã Giao
Skimread the article and select the heading for each numbered paragraph. (Học sinh đọc lướt qua bài viết sau rồi xác định đề mục cho từng đoạn văn nhé.)
WHO makes small talk?
WHERE do people make small talk?
WHAT is small talk?
Small talk is some type of *social communication. It is an *informal type of discourse that does not cover any *functional topics of conversation or any transactions that need to be addressed. In essence, it is polite conversation about unimportant things.
* xã giao – *đề tài trao đổi chức năng giao tiếp – *chuyện giao thương
Small talk is conversation about things that are not important. Small talk often occurs between people who do not know each other well: I don’t enjoy parties where I have to make small talk with complete strangers. (Online Cambridge Dic.)
People with many different relationships use small talk. The most common type of people to use small talk are those who do not know each other at all. Though we often teach children not to talk to strangers, adults are expected to say at least a few words in certain situations. It is also common for people who are only *acquaintances, often called a “friend of a friend”, to use small talk. Other people who have short casual conversations are office employees who may not be good friends but work in the same department. Customer service representatives, waitresses, hairdressers and receptionists often make small talk with customers. If you happen to be outside when the mailman comes to your door you might *make small talk with him too.
* người quen * trao đổi hỏi thăm vài câu
People make small talk just about anywhere, but there are certain places where it is very common. Most often, small talk occurs in places where people are waiting for something. For example, you might chat with another person who is waiting for the bus to arrive, or to the person beside you waiting to get on an aeroplane. People also make small talk in a doctor’s or dentist’s waiting room, or in queues at the grocery store. At the office, people make small talk in elevators or lunchrooms and even in restrooms, especially if there is a line-up. Some social events (such as a party) require small talk among guests who do not know each other very well. For example, you might talk to someone you do not know at the punch bowl, or at the poolside. It is called “mingling” when people walk around in a social setting and talk to a variety of people.
(4) ________________________ (englishclub.com)
(A) Talking about the weather
Học sinh tập nói chuyện phiếm bằng cách đáp lại những lời chào hỏi dưới đây cách thân thiện: đáp lời rồi thêm comments tích cực.
Student A. Beautiful day in Southern Vietnam, isn’t it?
Student B. It sure is. It’s the prime time of the year here and now. Everyone feels like going outdoors. Do you?
- Beautiful day in Southern Vietnam, isn’t it?
- Can you believe all of this rain we’ve been having?
- It looks like it’s going to snow.
- It sure would be nice to be in Hanoi right about now.
- I hear they’re calling for thunderstorms all weekend.
- We couldn’t ask for a nicer day, could we?
- How about this weather?
- Did you order this sunshine?
(B) Talking about current events
- Did you catch the news today?
- Did you hear about that fire on Le Thanh Tong St?
- What do you think about this coronavirus pandemic?
- I read in the paper today that the Aeon Mall is closing.
- I heard on the radio today that they are finally going to start building the new bridge.
- How about those Reds? Do you think they’re going to win tonight?
(C) At the office
- Looking forward to the weekend?
- Have you worked here long?
- I can’t believe how busy/quiet we are today, can you?
- Has it been a long week?
- You look like you could use a cup of coffee.
- What do you think of the new computers?
(D) At a social event
- So, how do you know Xuan?
- Have you tried the cabbage rolls that Trang made?
- Are you enjoying yourself?
- It looks like you could use another drink.
- Pretty nice place, huh?
- I love your dress. Can I ask where you got it?
(E) Out for a walk
- How old’s your baby?
- What’s your puppy’s name?
- The roses are sure beautiful at this time of year, aren’t they.
- How do you like the new park?
- Nice day to be outside, isn’t it?
(F) Waiting somewhere
- I didn’t think it would be so busy today.
- You look like you’ve got your hands full (with children or goods).
- The bus must be running late today.
- It looks like we are going to be here a while, huh?
- I’ll have to remember not to come here on Mondays.
- How long have you been waiting?
Short /^/ and long / a: /
Short /^/ nghe như â trong tiếng Việt thường là trọng âm trong các từ như: subject, study, uncle, hungry, punctual, ugly, function, lucky, busstop, upward …
Short /^/ còn có trong các từ chỉ quan hệ gia đình và các từ thông dụng như: mother, brother, cousins, love, none, nothing, month, monthly, touch, rough, enough, much, club, rubber, stuff, wonderful…
Long / a: / nghe như a dưới họng trong tiếng việt, thường là trọng âm và thường đi cùng với -r theo sau: far, farther, father, fast, last, past, target, guitar, marvel, guard, hardship, artists, parking …
2. VERB + GERUND / TO INFINITIVE
VERB + TO INFINITIVE (Wanting to do something)
To Infinitive chỉ mục đích để làm gì, nên thường đi sau động từ có nghĩa dự định, ý muốn.
Ex. She would like to go away for the weekend.
>> want / would like (love, prefer)/ wish / intend / plan / offer / decide / promise / threaten / agree / refuse / expect / try / hope / remember = don’t forget / be sure to … / make sure to …
VERB + GERUND (V-ing / Actions & Activities)
Danh động từ chỉ hoạt động nên thường đi sau các động từ có ý yêu thích, khởi kết, gợi ý.
Ex. I enjoy visiting new places.
>> Likes and dislikes: like / love / fancy / feel like / enjoy / (not) mind / can’t stand / hate
Ex. I don’t feel like working today.
>> Starting & Stopping: start / begin / take up / go on / keep (on) / give up / stop / finish
Ex. Keep on trying. Don’t give up.
>> Others: suggest / recommend / advise / encourage / forbid / allow / permit / avoid / consider / practice / miss / spend time / have trouble / have difficulty / have a hard time / have fun / have a good time
Ex. We had fun singing and dancing at the party.