Giải Chi Tiết Đề Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc Gia 2021 (Phần 3)

Dưới đây là bài diễn giải 4 đề thi gốc đợt 1, tiêu biểu cho toàn bộ khung đề thi tiếng Anh THPT quốc gia 2021. Bạn đọc tham khảo Phần 1 và Phần 2 tại đây:

https://reflective-english.vn/high-school/test-yourself/tieng-anh-thpt-quoc-gia-2021-phan-1.html

https://reflective-english.vn/high-school/test-yourself/tieng-anh-thpt-quoc-gia-2021-phan-2.html

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions.

Question 77: Solutions should be suggested to prevent people from hunting wild animals.

A. force – B. comfort – C. encourage – D. stop

Question 78: It’s very kind of you to help me solve the problem.

A. careless – B. good – C. bad – D. quick

Question 79: Wilson is a sociable boy. He makes friends at his new school quite easily.

A. shy – B. careful – C. nervous – D. friendly

Question 80: The children enjoy learning about plants and how they grow.

A. studying – B. changing – C. breaking – D. building

Question 81: Tom followed the recipe exactly, but the meat tasted awful.

A. terrible – B. delicious – C. good – D. fresh

Question 82: Many students are anxious about the coming interview.

A. noisy – B. worried – C. crowded – D. kind

Question 83: Bill was so pleased when he won first prize in the race.

A. sad – B. happy – C. worried – D. upset

Question 84: At first, not so many people realized the danger of Covid-19, so they did not do much to protect themselves.

A. affected – B. understood – C. forgot – D. caused


*Mức độ thông hiểu và vận dụng thấp liên quan đến từ đồng nghĩa theo một văn cảnh cụ thể. Hiểu từ khóa trong văn cảnh sẽ tìm ra từ thay thế tương đồng!

Ex. Bill was so pleased when he won the first price in the race. That is, he was so happy, not worried, upset or sad.


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 85: Lucy looked really beautiful in her nice dress at her birthday party.

A. nervous – B. ugly – C. attractive – D. colourful

Question 86: It’s time you pulled your socks up and started working seriously. Your final exams are coming.

A. lost confidence – B. got furious – C. studied harder – D. became lazy

Question 87: It’s about time you pulled your socks up and started working seriously. Your final exams are coming.

A. studied harder – B. got furious – C. became lazy – D. lost confidence

Question 88: The couple have saved a lot of money for their old age.

A. spent – B. earned – C. left – D. won

Question 89: My parents always encourage me to participate in social activities to gain more life experience.

A. warn – B. lose – C. post – D. get

Question 90: It’s time you pulled your socks up and started working seriously. Your final exams are coming.

A. became lazy – B. studied harder – C. lost confidence – D. got furious

Question 91: It’s high time you pulled your socks up and started working seriously. Your final exams are coming.

A. lost confidence – B. became lazy – C. studied harder – D. got furious

Question 92: There was something wrong with my bike, so I asked my father to fix it.

A. repair – B. mend – C. break – D. correct

*Mức độ thông hiểu và vận dụng cao hơn liên quan đến thành ngữ, idioms, và từ trái nghĩa theo một văn cảnh cụ thể. Hiểu từ khóa hoặc thành ngữ trong văn cảnh sẽ tìm ra từ, cụm từ phản nghĩa!

Đợt 1: Câu thành ngữ ở 24 mã đề giống nhau: pulled your socks up

*Lưu ý: ngoài đáp án là trái nghĩa so với từ khóa, các từ còn lại đều gần nghĩa!


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 93: Lan is late for Minh’s birthday party.

- Lan: “Sorry I’m late, Minh.” >> - Minh: “_________”

A. Same to you. – B. Thanks a lot. – C. Good idea. – D. Never mind.

Question 94: Minh and Nam are talking about Nam’s new T-shirt.

- Minh: “You’ve got a nice T-shirt, Nam.” >> - Nam: “_________”

A. Me too. – B. Congratulations! – C. Thank you. – D. No problem.

Question 95: Tuan is late for the class meeting.

- Tuan: “Sorry I’m late, Ha.” >> - Ha: “_______”

A. Good idea. – B. Never mind. – C. Same to you. – D. Thanks a lot.

Question 96: Mai is talking to Hoa about Hoa’s new dress.

- Mai: “You’ve got a nice dress, Hoa.” >> - Hoa: “_______”

A. Congratulations! – B. Thank you. – C. Me too. – D. No problem.

Question 97: Tim is late for the class meeting.

- Tim: “Sorry I’m late, Peter.” >> - Peter: “________”

A. Thanks a lot. – B. Good idea. – C. Same to you. – D. Never mind.

Question 98: Binh is talking to Minh after the performance.

- Binh: “You’ve got a lovely voice, Minh.” >> - Minh: “________”

A. No problem. – B. Congratulations! – C. Thank you. – D. Me too.

Question 99: Minh and Nam are talking about Nam’s room.

- Minh: “You’ve got a lovely room, Nam.” >> - Nam: “_______”

A. Me too. – B. Congratulations! – C. No problem. – D. Thank you.

Question 100: Mai is late for Nam’s birthday party.

- Mai: “Sorry I’m late, Nam.” >> - Nam: “_______”

A. Never mind. – B. Same to you. – C. Good idea. – D. Thanks a lot.


*Chức năng giao tiếp, Social English, mức độ thông hiểu thấp và nhận biết.

Đáp lại lời khen >> Thank you / It’s very nice of you to say so / I’m glad you like it …

Đáp lại lời xin lỗi >> Never mind / That’s all right / That’s OK / No big problem …

*Dự đoán: Đợt 2 có thể là lời cảm ơn, lời nhận xét đánh giá, gợi ý hay đề nghị …


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 101: My friends often spend her free time surfing the Internet or playing games.

Question 102: The spokesman had an uphill struggle to find an explanation that was readily intelligent to the layman.

Question 103: My younger brother draws a very beautiful picture for me yesterday.

Question 104: The boy has a lot of toy cars, but he never plays with it.

Question 105: The spokesman had an uphill struggle to find an explanation that was readily intelligent to the layman.

Question 106: She borrows a lot of English books from the school library last week.

Question 107: Mai invites her classmates to her 18th birthday party last week.

Question 108: Students need to develop necessary skills to prepare for his future.

Question 109: The spokesman had an uphill struggle to find an explanation that was readily intelligent to the layman.

Question 110: She gives her little sister a lovely doll for her birthday yesterday.

Question 111: The spokesman had an uphill struggle to find an explanation that was readily intelligent to the layman.

Question 112: All the students must hand his essays by the end of the week.


*Dạng đề đọc dò nhận ra lỗi sơ suất:

Chỉ có 1 câu khó duy nhất giống nhau ở cả 24 mã đề: Từ ngữ dễ lẫn lộn về spelling và meaning.

Ex. intelligent >> intelligible to (the layman) dễ hiểu đối với dân thường

Câu còn lại: lệch thì động từ: invited … last week, gave … yesterday, …

Câu cuối: lệch đại từ số ít nhiều: students … their, not his

*Tư vấn: chú ý sự hòa hợp giữa chủ từ và động từ, số ít – số nhiều, thì động từ và thời gian, cấu trúc song lập.

Ex. She is kind, generous and intelligence. (Không song lập)>>> She is kind, generous and intelligent. (Song lập: cả 3 đều cùng từ loại: tính từ)


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 113: It is not necessary for you to book movie tickets in advance.

A. You would book movie tickets in advance.         

B. You must book movie tickets in advance.

C. You can’t book movie tickets in advance.

D. You needn’t book movie tickets in advance.

Question 114: He last went to the cinema two months ago.

A. He didn’t go to the cinema two months ago.        

B. He has two months to go to the cinema.

C. He hasn’t gone to the cinema for two months.     

D. He has gone to the cinema for two months.

Question 115: “I have a lot of assignments to do,” Ly said.

A. Ly said that he has had a lot of assignments to do.

B. Ly said that I have a lot of assignments to do.

C. Ly said that he had a lot of assignments to do.

D. Ly said that I had a lot of assignments to do.

Question 116: “I have a lot of homework to do,” Ha said.

A. Ha said that I had a lot of homework to do.

B. Ha said that I have a lot of homework to do.

C. Ha said that she has had a lot of homework to do.

D. Ha said that she had a lot of homework to do.

Question 117: She last phoned her close friend two months ago.

A. She has two months to phone her close friend.

B. She didn’t phone her close friend two months ago.

C. She has phoned her close friend for two months.

D. She hasn’t phoned her-old friend for two months.

Question 118: It is not necessary for you to wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

A. You can’t wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

B. You needn’t wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

C. You must wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

D. You would wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

Question 119:I have a lot of homework to do,” Ha said.

A. Ha said that she has had a lot of homework to do.           

B. Ha said that I had a lot of homework to do.

C. Ha said that she had a lot of homework to do.                 

D. Ha said that I have a lot of homework to do.

Question 120: He last went to the cinema two months ago.

A. He didn’t go to the cinema two months ago.                    

B. He hasn’t gone to the cinema for two months.

C. He has gone to the cinema for two months.                     

D. He has two months to go to the cinema.

Question 121: It is not necessary for you to book movie tickets in advance.

A. You needn’t book movie tickets in advance.                   

B. You must book movie tickets in advance.

C. You can’t book movie tickets in advance.                        

D. You would book movie tickets in advance.

Question 122: It is not necessary for you to wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

A. You needn’t wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

B. You can’t wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

C. You must wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

D. You would wear formal clothes to the party this evening.

Question123: She last phoned home two weeks ago.

A. She didn’t phone home two weeks ago.

B. She has phoned home for two weeks.

C. She hasn’t phoned home for two weeks.

D. She has two weeks to phone home.

Question 124:I have a lot of assignments to do,” Ly said.

A. Ly said that he had a lot of assignments to do.

B. Ly said that I had a lot of assignments to do.

C. Ly said that he has had a lot of assignments to do.

D. Ly said that I have a lot of assignments to do.


*Nhận xét: Phân loại chỉ còn 3 dạng câu chuyển đổi.

1. Reported speech, câu tường thuật cơ bản: Ha said she had a lot of assigments to do.

2. Câu có động từ tình thái diễn tả mức độ quan trọng cần thiết hay mức độ dự đoán.

It’s not necessary for you to book … >> You needn’t book in advance.

3. Câu diễn tả đầu kết hay là tiếp tục đến nay.

She last phoned me 2 months ago. >> She hasn’t phoned me for 2 months.

*Tư vấn: học các chuyển dạng mẫu câu, sentence patterns, thông dụng


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 125: Mike doesn’t feel well today. He can’t go out with his friends.

A. If Mike had felt well today, he couldn’t have gone out with his friends.

B. Mike wishes he felt well today so that he could go out with his friends.

C. If only Mike had felt well today, he couldn’t have gone out with his friends.

D. Provided that Mike feels well today, he can’t go out with his friends.

Question 126: Students are forbidden to bring their phones into the exam room.

A. Under no circumstances are students prohibited from bringing their phones into the exam room.

B. On no account are students permitted to bring their phones into the exam room.

C. At no time were students permitted to bring their phones into the exam room.

D. In no way are students prohibited from bringing their phones into the exam room.

Question 127: Restaurants are forbidden to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing. There is no exception whatsoever.

A. In no way are restaurants prohibited from serving over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

B. On no account are restaurants permitted to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

C. At no time were restaurants permitted to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

D. Under no circumstances are restaurants prohibited from serving over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

Question 128: Jane doesn’t have a computer. She can’t work from home.

A. If Jane had had a computer, she couldn’t have worked from home.

B. If only Jane had had a computer, she couldn’t have worked from home.

C. Provided that Jane has a computer, she can’t work from home.

D. Jane wishes she had a computer so that she could work from home.

Question 129: Mike doesn’t feel well today. He can’t go out with his friends.

A. Provided that Mike feels well today, he can’t go out with his friends.

B. If Mike had felt well today, he couldn’t have gone out with his friends.

C. If only Mai had felt well today, he couldn’t have gone out with his friends.

D. Mike wishes he felt well today so that he could go out with his friends.

Question 130: Coffee shops are forbidden to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing. There is no exception whatsoever.

A. Under no circumstances are coffee shops prohibited from serving over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

B. On no account are coffee shops permitted to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

C. In no way are coffee shops prohibited from serving over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

D. At no time were coffee shops permitted to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

Question 131: Students are forbidden to bring their phones into the exam room. There is no exception whatsoever.

A. On no account are students permitted to bring their phones into the exam room.

B. In no way are students prohibited from bringing their phones into the exam room.

C. At no time were students permitted to bring their phones into the exam room.

D. Under no circumstances are students prohibited from bringing their phones into the exam room.

Question 132: Jane doesn’t have a computer. She can’t work from home.

A. If only Jane had had a computer, she couldn’t have worked from home.

B. If Jane had had a computer, she couldn’t have worked from home.

C. Jane wishes she had a computer so that she could work from home.

D. Provided that Jane has a computer, she can’t work from home.


Dạng bài kết nối 2 câu đơn thành câu phức hay câu ghép, mức độ vận dụng

1. Quan hệ nhân quả - điều kiện. Nhóm câu điều kiện giả định: I wish / Second or Third Conditionals

Đáp án: Jane wishes she had a computer so that she could work from home.

>>>>> If Jane had a computer, she could work from home.

2. Lệnh cấm, không cho phép, không ngoại lệ, Trạng ngữ phủ định đầu câu đảo ngữ, quy định cho mọi trường hợp không đổi, thì hiện tại đơn.

On no accounts / In no way / At no time / Under no circumstances + are students permitted to bring their mobile into the exam room.


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