Đề Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc Gia 2021, Đợt 1 – Mã Đề 416 (Phần 2)

Mã đề thi 416

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.

Teenagers having exams may feel stressed for different reasons. Their future may depend on their exam results. And many of them will probably be afraid that their performances will not be as good as their friends’ and may feel worried about being (26) _______ negatively to them. They may feel so (27) _______ by the amount of studying which they need to do. To obtain a good result, they may have to give up (28) _______ leisure activities such as doing sports and listening to music. Teenagers (29) _______ suffer from exam stress may show a variety of symptoms including loss of appetite, being unable to sleep and a lack of motivation to study. (30) _______, it is important for teachers and parents to watch out for these signs and to be as supportive and encouraging as possible.

(Adapted from Complete First for Schools by Brook-Hart, Hutchison, Passmore and Uddin)


Căn cứ vào mạch văn và dòng ý tưởng của người viết, cú pháp và tổ hợp từ, chúng ta có những đáp án cho phần đọc CLOZE reading này như sau.

Question 26:

A. agreed

B. closed

C. compared

D. suggested

Các em sợ bị so sánh cách tiêu cực với các bạn khác, bị động và tổ hợp compared to


Question 27:

A. relaxed

B. exhausted

C. embarrassed

D. excited

Các em có thể bị kiệt sức do lượng bài học quá nhiều, cảm xúc bị tác động và tổ hợp exhausted by


Question 28:

A. much

B. many

C. each

D. every

Rồi lại phải từ bỏ nhiều hoạt động giải trí …, số lượng nhiều và danh từ đếm được, nên dùng many, give up many cũng là not take part in many …, not many là tổ hợp từ.


Question 29:

A. where

B. who

C. which

D. when

Những bạn vốn bị stress vì thi cử có thể có những triệu chứng …, đại từ quan hệ chỉ người: who


Question 30:

A. However

B. Although

C. Moreover

D. Therefore

Vì tình trạng tuổi teen như thế, thầy cô và cha mẹ cần phải để mắt trông chừng …, Chỉ nguyên do cần có giải pháp, Therefore


Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.

Since the 19th century, companies have looked for better and cleaner ways of creating electricity. One UK company has created a special type of floor made of square tiles. Under each square, there is a system that can create electricity very cheaply when someone steps on it!

The design of the floor works very well when it is used in very busy areas. And the reason is that a lot of energy is created simply because of the large numbers of people walking across the floor.

The floor can have other uses too; one of them is to record how many people visit a shopping centre. This kind of information is very useful for shop owners because very often they want to know at which times of days they have the highest numbers of customers. So the next time you visit a big shopping centre, have a careful look at the floor that you are walking across!

(Adapted from Preliminary for Schools Trainer)


Question 31: What is the passage mainly about?

A. A difficulty in creating electricity.

B. A new way to build houses.

C. A shopping centre that sells electricity.

D. A special floor that creates electricity.

Đoạn 1 nêu đề tài a special floor that can create electricity, và phần còn lại diễn giải xoay quanh đề tài này.


Question 32: According to paragraph 1, the special floor creates electricity when _______.

A. someone covers it

B. someone looks at it

C. someone cleans it

D. someone steps on it

Dẫn chứng ở cuối đoạn 1.


Question 33: The word useful in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.

A. kind

B. careful

C. helpful

D. false

useful or helpful information for shop owners. It proves helpful to them.


Question 34: The word they in paragraph 3 refers to _______.

A. days

B. times

C. shop owners

D. people

Dẫn chứng dòng 2 đoạn 3


Question 35: Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a good thing about the floor in the passage?

A. It works very well in very busy areas.

B. It helps shops attract more customers.

C. It creates electricity very cheaply.

D. It is good for shop owners.

3 ưu điểm A,C,D được nêu trong bài viết, ngoại trừ B. Loại câu này thường ở cuối sau khi thí sinh đã đọc qua hết và sơ lược lại.


Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.

Today, text-messaging has probably become young people’s most common form of communication. Some teachers think that because of this, young people are not writing correctly at school. They fear that once students get used to it, they will find it hard to switch back to using correct grammar and spelling. How did things begin this way?

It all began with e-mail, online chat-rooms, and games. Then step by step young people made sentences, phrases and words shorter. As text-messaging continued to become popular, people invented more and more words. Today, it is like a real language with its own grammar and vocabulary. The growth of text-messaging has raised an important question: As students become fluent in text-messaging, do their writing skills suffer?

People have different ideas about the effects of text-messaging on students’ writing skills. Some say that students are losing the ability to write long, correct sentences. Others say that text-messaging is having a good effect on the language students use in their schoolwork. It shows that they are creative and good at expressing themselves. And if students can keep the two systems separate - one for text-messaging and one for school - this will help students appreciate reading and writing more.

Some people suggest that one way to reduce the bad effects of text-messaging is to find ways to use technology as a positive learning tool. For example, students can be allowed to type their assignments in a cell phone message and send them to their teachers, but they must type correctly. In this way, students are using the technology that they are familiar with to communicate in a form of language suitable for schoolwork. It shows students that text-messaging is fine for social communication, but correct grammar and spelling are necessary for communication in school.

(Adapted from Strategic Reading by Richards and Eckstut-Didier)


Question 36: Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. What can be Done to Increase the Quality of Text-messaging?

B. What is Text-messaging Doing to Students’ Writing?

C. How can Teachers Teach Text-messaging?

D. How have Schools Changed Technology?

Ý tưởng xuyên suốt: tác động của text-messaging đối với students’ writing


Question 37: The word switch paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.

A. send

B. change

C. give

D. look

Khi học sinh trở lại với cách viết chuẩn mực, switch back to, go back to, return to, change back to


Question 38: The word invented in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _______.

A. explained

B. guessed

C. created

D. described

invented or created more words: sáng tạo thêm từ ngữ mới


Question 39: According to paragraph 3, how can text-messaging affect students’ writing?

A. Students will lose interest in their school writing.

B. Students no longer use handwriting for their schoolwork.

C. Students’ ability to write long, correct sentences is gradually decreasing.

D. Students are losing their creativity in writing.

Dẫn chứng ở dòng 2 đoạn 3: students are losing the ability to write long, correct sentences.


Question 40: The word them in paragraph 4 refers to _______.

A. people

B. assignments

C. students

D. effects

Dẫn chứng: type their assignments in a cell phone message and send them to their teachers


Question 41: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. People have different opinions about the effects of text-messaging on students’ writing skills.

B. Text-messaging has probably become the most common form of communication for young people.

C. Text-messaging is like a real language with its own grammar and vocabulary.

D. Correct grammar and spelling are not important for communication in school.

Dẫn chứng: 3 ý A, B, C được nêu ở đoạn 2 và 3: Different ideas, continued to become popular, the growth, a real language with its grammar and …


Question 42: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. Text-messaging can help students write more correctly. (ý sai)

B. Text-messaging has been accepted as an official language. (ý sai)

C. Students should know how to use standard language in all circumstances. (ý sai)

D. Students should know how to use text-messaging properly for their purposes.

Chủ yếu ở đoạn cuối: allowed to type their assignments in a cell phone message and send them to their teachers, but they must type correctly. In this way, students are using the technology that they are familiar with to communicate in a form of language suitable for schoolwork. It shows students that text-messaging is fine for social communication, but correct grammar and spelling are necessary for communication in school.


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 43: Jane doesn’t have a computer. She can’t work from home.

A. Provided that Jane has a computer, she can’t work from home.

B. Jane wishes she had a computer so that she could work from home

C. If Jane had had a computer, she couldn’t have worked from home.

D. If only Jane had had a computer, she couldn’t have worked from home.

Tương đương với câu điều kiện loại 2, giả sử hiện tại: If Jane had a …, she could work …


Question 44: Restaurants are forbidden to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing. There is no exception whatsoever.

A. At no time were restaurants permitted to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

B. Under no circumstances are restaurants prohibited from serving over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

C. In no way are restaurants prohibited from serving over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

D. On no account are restaurants permitted to serve over ten customers at a time during social distancing.

On no account = no exception whatsoever, đúng thời hiện tại, đảo ngữ, đúng nghĩa ‘không được phép’


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 45: My friends often spend her free time surfing the Internet or playing games.

My friends >> their, not her


Question 46: The spokesman had an uphill struggle to find an explanation that was readily intelligent to the layman.

Confused word pair: intelligible to the layman, not intelligent, lời giải thích cần phải dễ hiểu đối với thường dân


Question 47: My younger brother draws a very beautiful picture for me yesterday.

Phải là thì quá khứ đơn: Yesterday >> drew a picture


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 48: It is not necessary for you to book movie tickets in advance.

A. You would book movie tickets in advance.

B. You must book movie tickets in advance.

C. You can’t book movie tickets in advance.

D. You needn’t book movie tickets in advance.

You needn’t >> It’s not necessary


Question 49: He last went to the cinema two months ago.

A. He didn’t go to the cinema two months ago.

B. He has two months to go to the cinema.

C. He hasn’t gone to the cinema for two months.

D. He has gone to the cinema for two months.

Last time / 2 months ago >> so he hasn’t gone … for 2 months.


Question 50:I have a lot of assignments to do,” Ly said.

A. Ly said that he has had a lot of assignments to do.

B. Ly said that I have a lot of assignments to do.

C. Ly said that he had a lot of assignments to do.

D. Ly said that I had a lot of assignments to do.

Câu tường thuật quá khứ >> backshift chuyển thì về dạng quá khứ tương ứng.


Hãy theo dõi Reflective English trên trang Facebook “Reflective English,” nhóm “Biên – Phiên Dịch Tiếng Anh | Reflective English” và nhóm “Tiếng Anh Phổ Thông | Reflective English” nhé!


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