Đề thi năng lực Tiếng Anh Đại học Quốc gia TP.HCM 2018
Đề thi được xây dựng cùng cách tiếp cận như đề thi SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) của Hoa Kỳ và đề thi TSA (Thinking Skills Assessment) của Anh.
Thí sinh dự thi đánh giá năng lực ĐH Quốc gia TP.HCM đợt 1-2021. Ảnh: Hoàng An / Tuổi Trẻ Online
Questions 21-25: Choose a suitable word or phrase (marked A, B, C, or D) to fill in each blank.
21. The cutting or replacement of trees downtown _____ arguments recently.
A. has caused
B. have caused
C. are causing
*Verb tenses: Thực hành đọc nhanh câu viết, tìm mốc thời gian để khu biệt nhóm thì và xác định nhánh thì cụ thể.
22. Many places _____ our city are heavily polluted.
*Prepositions of place: Bộ giới từ, tạo nên các trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian hay nơi chốn thường dùng.
23. There were so _____ negative comments on Tom’s post that he had to remove it.
C. a lot of
*Quantifiers: Các số từ cơ bản dùng riêng cho danh từ đếm được theo đơn vị hay danh từ không đếm được bao quát.
24. His mother is _____ mine, but he is younger than me.
A. more old than
B. old as
C. not as older as
D. older than
*Comparatives: Các cách nói so sánh hơn kém, nhất, ngang bằng.
25. You’re driving _____! It is really dangerous in this snowy weather.
*Word class: Nhóm bốn từ loại quan trọng chỉ nội dung: danh từ, động từ, tính từ và trạng từ.
Questions 26-30: Each of the following sentences has one error (A, B, C, or D). Find it and blacken your choice on your answer sheet.
26. There were too many (A) participants in (B) the event, so (C) each of them were (D) asked just one question.
*Subject-verb agreement: Lỗi sai thường gặp liên quan đến sự hòa hợp S-V, xác định chủ ngữ số ít, số nhiều, không đếm được.
27. Mary works as (A) a journalist for an (B) magazine that (C) specializes in men’s clothes and footwear (D).
*The article: Cách dùng mạo từ tiếng Anh cơ bản: nói chung (số ít, số nhiều, không đếm được), hay xác định cụ thể.
28. Timmy’s pet dog is (A) so lovely. It always wags it’s (B) tail to greet (C) him whenever he comes home (D).
*Possessive case: Sử dụng tính từ và đại từ sở hữu.
29. France, where (A) is a very beautiful (B) country, has (C) many tourist attractions (D).
*Relative pronouns (Which or Where): Ứng dụng đại từ và mệnh đề quan hệ hạn định và phi hạn định, phân biệt cặp từ where và which.
30. Do not read comics too often (A). With mostly (B) pictures, it does (C) not help to develop your (D) language skills.
*Pronouns (singular or plural): Ứng dụng đại từ hay từ liên hệ Reference trong tiếng Anh, nhân xưng và số ít nhiều.
Questions 31-35: Which of the following best restates each of the given sentences?
31. I may buy a piece of land as a way of saving for my old age.
A. To save for my old age, I am advised to buy a piece of land.
B. It is possible that I will save for my old age after buying a piece of land.
C. After I have saved for my old age, I will buy a piece of land.
D. To save for my old age, I am likely to buy a piece of land.
*To talk about the purpose: Các cách nói về mục đích: To infinitive, so that …; ý nghĩa của To infinitive và V-ing
32. Linda would not win a high prize in swimming if she did not maintain her training.
A. Linda is not maintaining her training to score well in swimming.
B. Linda does not want to win a high prize in swimming at all.
C. Linda will win a very high prize in swimming if she maintains her training.
D. Linda joined a swimming contest and tried to win a high prize.
*Likely and unlikely conditionals: Ba loại câu điệu kiện cơ bản, phân biệt điều kiện có hay khó có khả dĩ.
33. Timmy seems to be smarter than all the other kids in his group.
A. Timmy is as smart as all the kids in his group.
B. All the other kids in Timmy’s group are certainly not as smart as him.
C. Other kids are smart, but Timmy is smarter than most of them.
D. It is likely that Timmy is the smartest of all the kids in his group.
*Degrees of certainty / Modality: Học nhóm động từ tình thái Modals và tương đương Semi-modals.
34. When I was sick, my best friend took care of me.
A. I had to look after my best friend, who was sick.
B. I was sick when I cared for my best friend.
C. I was cared for by my best friend when I was sick.
D. My best friend was taken care of by me when getting sick.
*The passive / Restructuring và Rewording: Câu bị động, tái cấu trúc và sử dụng từ thay thế gần nghĩa.
35. Dr. Mary Watson told Jack, “You cannot go home until you feel better.”
A. Dr. Mary Watson advised Jack to stay until he felt better.
B. Dr. Mary Watson did not allow Jack to go home until he felt better.
C. Dr. Mary Watson does not want Jack to go home because he is not feeling well now.
D. Dr. Mary Watson asked Jack to stay at home until he felt better.
*Reported speech / Everyday English functions: Câu tường thuật các chức năng ngôn ngữ thông dụng.
Questions 36-40: Read the passage carefully.
1 At home, I used to suffer enough with my husband who is a heavy smoker. Now, I am delighted that smoking is going to be banned in the majority of enclosed public spaces in Britain from July this year. In fact, I cannot wait for the ban to arrive. When hanging out, I am fed up with sitting in pubs with my eyes and throat hurting because of all the tobacco smoke in the air. As soon as I leave the pub I always find that my clothes and hair stink of cigarettes, so the first thing I do when I get home is to have a shower.
2 It is not my problem if smokers want to destroy their own health, but I hate it when they start polluting my lungs as well. Passive smoking is a real problem, as a lot of medical studies have shown that non-smokers who spend a long time in smoky environments have an increased risk of heart disease and lung cancer.
3 It is ridiculous when you hear smokers talking about the ban taking away their ‘rights’. If they are in a pub and they feel the need for a cigarette, obviously they will still be able to go outside in the street and have one. What is wrong with that? It will certainly be a bit inconvenient for them, but maybe that will help them to quit.
ONE OF THE FIVE MAJOR GENRES
Aesthetic – the description of feelings and happenings
Narrative – telling a (short) story
Argumentative – a debate or conflict of ideas
Persuasive – persuading someone of something
Informative – informing someone of something
36. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Reasons British people suggest the government should ban smoking in public places.
B. How British people oppose the smoking ban in enclosed public spaces.
C. A personal view on British smoking ban in enclosed public areas.
D. Harmful effects of smoking on second-hand smokers in the family.
*Genre and purpose of writing: Câu hỏi bao quát đại ý: mục tiêu và thể loại văn viết.
37. In paragraph 1, what is the word stink closest in meaning to?
A. smell unpleasantly
B. cover fully
C. pack tightly
D. get dirty
*Word meaning in context: Hiểu nghĩa từ trong văn cảnh cụ thể.
38. According to paragraph 2, what does the writer say about smokers?
A. They have risks of heart disease.
B. They will certainly have lung cancer.
C. She does not care about their health.
D. They have polluted lungs.
*Comprehension of a single detail or opinion: Hiểu ngụ ý qua một chi tiết.
39. In paragraph 3, what does the word one refer to?
*Meaning of a pronoun or reference: Hiểu từ liên hệ trong mạch ý: Cohesive devices.
40. According to the passage, what can be inferred about the writer’s attitude toward the smoking ban?
A. She thinks it might be helpful to smokers.
B. She feels sorry for heavy smokers.
C. She thinks it is unnecessary.
D. She expresses no feelings.
*Meaning of a detail in conclusion: Hiểu chi tiết quan điểm trong kết luận.
Hãy theo dõi Reflective English trên trang Facebook “Reflective English,” nhóm “Biên – Phiên Dịch Tiếng Anh | Reflective English” và nhóm “Tiếng Anh Phổ Thông | Reflective English” nhé!