Word Power: Coming from a Time in the Past
Chúng ta cùng tìm hiểu cách dùng của các từ đồng nghĩa với từ “old” (cũ, già) như “former,” “ancient,” “archaic,” “retro” và “age-old” nhé!
Five former U.S. presidents, Jimmy Carter, George H.W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, speak during a concert at Texas A&M University benefiting hurricane relief efforts. Photo: Richard Carson / Reuters
Thesaurus Article: Coming from a Time in the Past
These words refer to people or things that are from a time or period in the past.
One of the most common words for this is “old” /əʊld/.
+ Be careful – that clock is very old.
+ I got a new phone to replace my old one.
+ He’s just an old boyfriend.
The opposite of “old” is “new” /n(j)uː/.
+ We got a new TV.
+ This is my new boss.
For more opposites of “old,” see the article at “new”.
You can use the word “former” /ˈfɔːrmər/ to refer to someone or something that is from an older time but is not in the present.
+ He’s a former coworker of mine.
+ Please list your former address.
The opposite of “former” is “current” /ˈkɜːrənt/.
+ Let me give you my current address.
+ I don’t care for his current girlfriend.
The word “ancient” /ˈeɪnʃənt/ can be used for things that have existed for a very long time. “Ancient” can also be used informally for anything that is old.
+ We need to protect ancient monuments.
+ That computer’s ancient.
“Archaic” /ɑːrˈkeɪɪk/ is used to describe things that are old and no longer used or existing.
+ “Thee” is an archaic word for “you”.
Something that is old and valuable, rare, or beautiful can be described as “antique” /ænˈtiːk/.
+ The shop sells antique furniture.
Things that are from the recent past and are still valuable can be called “vintage” /ˈvɪntɪdʒ/ or “retro” /ˈretrəʊ/.
+ She shops for vintage clothes on weekends.
+ Retro decor is back in style.
“Age-old” /ˌeɪdʒ ˈəʊld/ is a literary word for stories, beliefs, customs, etc. that are very old.
+ It’s an age-old story of love and betrayal.
Source: Cambridge English Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press
Real-life Examples: Coming from a Time in the Past
1. London’s Mayor, Boris Johnson, on Sunday threw his weight behind the campaign for Britain to leave the European Union, in a blow for his old friend and rival, Prime Minister David Cameron, who had appealed for his backing. (Reuters)
2. British Airways’ new boss appealed to Britain and the United States on Monday to back pre-flight COVID-19 testing with quarantine-free transatlantic travel corridors. (Reuters)
3. Former U.S. Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton said they were willing to be vaccinated against the novel coronavirus on television in order to ease any public skepticism over the safety of new vaccines. (Reuters)
4. A former Texas special education teacher, described by a colleague as a “gentle giant,” fatally shot four people including his estranged wife and current girlfriend, in a spasm of apparent domestic violence, police said on Thursday. (Reuters)
5. The ancient monuments were closed along with museums in mid-March in Greece’s lockdown to curb the spread of the coronavirus. Restrictions have gradually been eased this week. (Reuters)
6. Poachers sell northern white rhinos horns for $50,000 per kilo, making them more valuable than gold or cocaine, and his keepers fear that Sudan, who at 43 is ancient for a rhino, may die or be killed before they can raise enough money. (Reuters)
7. This week members conducted their first ever remote vote, eschewing a complicated and archaic system of lawmakers physically walking through voting corridors to register their approval or disapproval. (Reuters)
8. The antique books, considered to be of international cultural significance, include works by English scientist Isaac Newton and Spanish artist Francisco Goya and relating to Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei, the Metropolitan Police said. (Reuters)
9. H&M will trial sales of second-hand and vintage clothes as it seeks to tap into consumers’ growing concerns about the environmental cost of fast fashion, its head of sustainability said on Friday. (Reuters)
10. Italian sportswear company Diadora bought the retro Diadora brand in three Asian centers from Hong Kong-based group Win Hanverky for $9.2 million, the company said on Thursday. (Reuters)
11. It’s an age-old story: Kid grows up, goes to college, comes back and joins the family business. But in today’s tumultuous economy, the same basic story is happening in a different order: Dad or Mom retires, joins kid’s business. And for many parents and their business-owner children, the arrangement is ideal, if sometimes complicated. (Reuters)
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