Grade 10 | Unit 1: Family Life (Hệ 10 năm)

Trọng tâm gồm những phần sau: Topic-specific Vocabulary, Use of Present Simple & Present Progressive, Talking about Daily Life, Discussing Family Life, Expanding ideas, Tips on Learning Word Definitions and Collocations in English.

WHAT IS YOUR FAMILY LIKE? GIA ĐÌNH BẠN THẾ NÀO?

It is a small family of five. I live with four other family members. We care for one another, chăm sóc quan tâm đến nhau, but we respect self-discipline, tôn trọng sự tự giác, privacy and independence. We value duty sharing, trân trọng sự chia sẻ phân nhiệm. It’s a good way to show our care for others. In tradition, mothers are homemakers while fathers are breadwinners. However, our family is a bit different. Both parents work and contribute to the finances. They are equal life partners, bạn đời bình đẳng, holding hands to overcome difficulties and obstacles, vượt qua khó khăn trở ngại, on the journey of life. Parents look after children. Children look up to parents, kính trọng bố mẹ, listening to them and taking their advice.


2. THINGS VARY FROM FAMILY TO FAMILY
MỖI GIA ĐÌNH CHÚNG TA MỖI KHÁC!
Uncle Long asks Nam’s father out (mời rủ đi chơi) for a game of tennis, but he can’t. He’s preparing dinner (chuẩn bị bữa tối) while Nam’s mother is working out late (đi làm về trễ) today. She usually does the cooking (nấu ăn) and Nam and his sister help with the housework (phụ giúp việc nhà). They divide or split household chores (san sẻ việc nội trợ) equally among themselves: shopping for groceries (đi chợ mua thực phẩm), doing the laundry and the washing up (giặt máy và rửa chén), taking out the rubbish (đưa rác ra ngoài) and a lot more. Things are different in Uncle Long’s family. He is the breadwinner, responsible for the household finances (người kiếm cơm, lo tài chính gia đình). Whereas, his wife is the homemaker, who handles most of the chores (nội tướng, một tay quản việc nội trợ) around the house.


3. HOW DO YOU SHARE THE HOUSEHOLD CHORES?
BẠN PHỤ GIÚP SẺ CHIA VIỆC NHÀ THẾ NÀO?
WHAT DO YOU DO EXACTLY?
Làm việc nội trợ
do the washing / do the laundry              
do the washing-up / wash up / wash the dishes
do the grocery shopping / do the cleaning     
shop for grocery / shop for stuff
do the shopping / go to the shops            
do the ironing / make the bed
dust the furniture / tidy up the rooms             
water the house plants
Cùng sẻ chia, gánh vác
share the housework                                
take care of the pet dogs
look after cats
divide the household chores                     
lay the table before dinner
clear up the table after dinner
split the household duties equally            
do the repairs / fix things up                    
do the gardening / work around the house
Làm việc lặt vặt khác
take out the trash / Take out the rubbish  
clean up the kitchen / tidy up the bedroom
do the heavy lifting : khiêng vác nặng    
run the errands: chạy việc vặt                  
do odd jobs around the house: làm việc lặt vặt ở nhà
tidy things away: dọn dẹp ngăn nắp        
clear the mess: dọn dẹp mấy thứ bề bộn
Vai trò trong gia đình/ Family roles
The breadwinner / The provider: người kiếm cơm
The home
maker / The housewife: nữ nội tướng
The housemaid / The cleaner: chị phụ việc, cô vệ sinh         
Men build the house and women make it home.
(Proverb: Đàn ông dựng nhà, đàn bà xây tổ ấm)
housewife / househusband: người nội trợ

carer / caretaker for grannies: người chăm sóc cho bà
budget the finances: lập kế hoạch chi tiêu

pay the household bills: chi trả hóa đơn hàng tháng


4. VOCABULARY IN SKILL DEVELOPMENT
BẠN CÓ THỂ TRAU DỒI NGÔN TỪ KHI THỰC HÀNH KĨ NĂNG GIAO TIẾP.
HỌC CÁC TỔ HỢP TỪ THÔNG DỤNG!
You may find the following expressions useful. If so, learn them first in collocations. Observe the topic and work out the meaning of the expressions under each topic. Practice using them by asking yourself sensible questions like Who’s responsible for the family finances?’, ‘Do you help out in some way?’

WHAT DO YOU DO FOR A HAPPY FAMILY?
BẠN CÓ THỂ LÀM GÌ ĐỂ GIA ĐÌNH LUÔN HẠNH PHÚC?
You can … You should … You must …
It’s vital to … It’s essential to … / It’s important to …
It’s necessary to … / It’s also helpful to …

Try to help someone out. Give a hand.
Be responsible for the finances
Contribute to the family in some way
Work together on household chores
Create a friendly atmosphere
Get on well with other members
Care for other members
Do well at school. Get good grades at school.
Try to behave yourself. Mind your manners.
Set a good example. Be a role model


WE ARE HEADING FOR GENDER EQUALITY.
CHÚNG TA ĐANG TIẾN TỚI BÌNH ĐẲNG GIỚI
Do we have similar roles between men and women?
Do we play different roles in the family and society?
Everyone can contribute to something.                  
We have equal chances of education and employment?
Do we have equal chances of recreation and happiness?
The roles of both genders will become similar or alike?


MANY HANDS MAKE LIGHT WORK
CHUNG TAY CÔNG VIỆC TRỞ NÊN NHẸ NHÀNG
What do you think you should do?

A family of four / My elder sister and I …
Spend most of one’s time somewhere / Spend time doing sth
Do most of the cooking  / Help with the washing
Being the eldest child, / As the eldest child, I …
Take up a large share / My responsibilities include …
Take turns doing sth / Lay the table for meals
Clear the table after meals / Do one’s share of work willingly                            
If everyone contributes / If everyone gives a hand, …          
Look after oneself / Care for other members


FAMILIES IN VIETNAM
Household finances: tài chính gia đình                     
Financial burden: gánh nặng tài chính                                 
Join hands to do sth: Chung tay hợp tác
Homemaker: người nội trợ chính
Family provider: người chu cấp tài chính                 
Child-minder / Babysitter: người coi trẻ                   
Nuclear family / Extended family: gia đình hạt nhân / gia tộc
Elderly parents: cha mẹ lớn tuổi                               
Ungrateful children: con cái vô ơn


Học từ vựng qua định nghĩa đơn ngữ
Đây là cách học cơ bản nhất giúp học sinh hiểu đúng nội hàm từ để diễn đạt.
Hôm nay các em học cách định nghĩa danh từ trong tiếng Anh.
Example: CHORE
Chore refers to a routine task, especially a household one.
A chore is a routine task or a piece of housework you do regularly in the house.
Hãy dùng động từ ‘refers to’ để nói danh xưng nào đó ý chỉ đến việc gì.
Bạn có thể dùng động từ to be ‘
is’ để nói một vật, người hay danh từ nào đó là gì. 
Qua định nghĩa học sinh được học thêm các từ liên can mô tả đặc tính của sự việc.
Các từ routine, household, housework, regularly mô tả đặc tính của CHORES.

Household, housework, regularly and routine’ are all associated with chores.


GRAMMAR

1. PRESENT SIMPLE
    DAILY ROUTINES VS. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: AT-THE-MOMENT JOBS

Present simple: Hiện tại đơn
Ổn định, thường xuyên
What do you normally do?

Present continuous: Hiện tại tiếp diễn
Tạm thời và sẽ thay đổi
But what are you doing now?

Every day he takes the train to work

Usually

Normally

As a rule, …

, but today he is driving his car.

, but at the moment

, but now

. However, at present

 

2. Examples:
Every day, Ms. Hằng does most of the housework, but today is Mother’s Day. She isn’t doing any housework. Her husband and the children are doing it for her. Tomorrow she will do most of the chores as usual.
Normally I take the train to school, but now I am riding my scooter. I always feel safe on the train, but at the moment I am getting a bit nervous about my safety.
3. Grammar in use:
Các em hãy tập nói câu ghép ứng dụng: “Thông thường + HT đơn, nhưng lúc này đây + HT tiếp diễn”. Ngoài ra luôn để ý yếu tố thời gian ‘thông thường’ hay ‘tiếp diễn’ để lựa chọn diễn đạt phù hợp. Sau đây là các yếu tố thời gian ‘thông thường’ cho thì HT đơn giản:
When I have time, …               Whenever I feel depressed, …
Every now and then …            Once or twice a week …
After dinner I usually …         Sometimes I …
I hardly ever …                       Occasionally we …
On the weekend / normally     More often than not / Every so often …
Ex. More often than not we go out for breakfast, but today we are eating at home.
Ex. I hardly ever go to the beach, but today I am spending time with friends by the sea.


Tin tức liên quan


Bình luận
  • Đánh giá của bạn